After earning its independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanzania—made up of what was then Tanganyika and Zanzibar—became a united republic in 1964, and subsequently, East Africa's largest country. Its flag, issued the same year, combines yellow, blue, green, and black—colors that symbolize the sun, the Indian Ocean, the nation's naturally rich landscapes, and the native Swahili people, respectively. Heavily dependent on agriculture, which represents over 80% of the country's jobs and exports, Tanzania was a one-party state until its first democratic election in 1995. Since then, its biggest political challenges in modern history have revolved around managing relations with Zanzibar, a nearby archipelago and technically semi-autonomous extension of the nation's mainland territory.
From the sun-drenched plains of the Serengeti to the exotic beaches and spice plantations of Zanzibar, Tanzania is a wildly beautiful and culturally rich country, where expansive wilderness, and intimate interactions in small tribal villages, are equally accessible to adventurous souls. Journeys through Tanzania span from Africa's lowest point—Lake Tanganyika— to its highest point—Mount Kilimanjaro—revealing all of the country's true colors along the way.
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