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Area: 50,942 square miles
Ethnicity: Greek 98%, Other 2%
Location: Greece is bordered by Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey, the Ionian Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the Sea of Crete.
Geography: The ancient nation of Greece is the land terminus of southeastern Europe. Greece spreads between the Ionian Sea on the west, the Aegean Sea on the east, and the Sea of Crete to the south. In these surrounding seas are the more than 1,400 Greek islands. With its island territory, Greece encompasses 50,942 miles and is actually larger than it appears, exceeding its neighbor Bulgaria in size.
Population (2009 estimate): 10,737,428
Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%
Time zone: Greece is on Eastern European Time, seven hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is 1pm in Greece.
Area: 11,100 square miles
Languages: Albanian is the official language
Ethnic groups: Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian)
Location: Albania is in southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea. It borders Greece to the south and Montenegro and Kosovo to the north.
Geography: Lowlands in Albania’s west face the Adriatic Sea, with small plains along the coast giving way to mountains and hills inland, with farmland in between the two. The 70% of the country that is mountainous is rugged and often inaccessible from the outside.
Population (2009 estimate): 3,639,453
Religions: Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10% (These are rough estimates only. In 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice after decades of prohibition of religious observances; many are still hesitant to openly declare their religion.)
Time Zone: Albania is on Central European Time, six hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is noon in Saranda.
Area: 9,928 square miles
Languages: Macedonian is the official language.
Ethnicity: Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2%
Location: Macedonia is in Southeastern Europe, located north of Greece.
Geography: Occupying an area slightly larger than Vermont, Macedonia lies between Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, and Serbia. Macedonia has mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys.
Population (2011 estimate): 2,096,015
Religion: Macedonian Orthodox 64.8%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.4%, other and unspecified 1.5%
Time Zone: Macedonia is on Central European Time (six hours ahead of Eastern Time). Summer hours operate from the last Sunday in March until the last weekend in October.
Area: 302,535 square miles
Languages: Turkish is the official language; Kurdish is also spoken.
Geography: Turkey’s interior is a high, arid plateau bordered in the north and south by rugged mountains. The country has a Mediterranean climate of dry, hot summers and mild, pleasant winters.
Ethnic Groups: Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% (2008 est.)
Religions: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Time zone: Turkey is on Eastern European Time, seven hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is 1pm in Ankara. Daylight Saving Time begins the last Monday in March and ends the last Sunday in October.
Area: 34,116 square miles
Languages: Serbian is the official language. Albanian is also spoken.
Location: Serbia is bordered by Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Albania, Montenegro, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Geography: Serbia is a landlocked country in central and southeastern Europe, covering the central part of the Balkan Peninsula and the southern part of the Pannonian Plain.
Population (2007 estimate): 10,150,265
Religion: Orthodox 65%, Muslim 19%, Roman Catholic 4%, Protestant 1%, other 11%.
Time zone: Serbia is on Central European Time, six hours ahead of U.S. EST. When it is 6am in New York, it is noon in Belgrade. Daylight Saving Time begins the last Sunday in March and ends the last Sunday of October.