Following the break-up of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, the borders of the Middle East were largely redrawn, and in 1921 the Emirate of Transjordan emerged as a state under British supervision. In 1946 the United Nations recognized Jordan as an independent sovereign kingdom. But the region that encompasses the modern Jordanian state has a much longer and far more storied past. Humans have inhabited (what is now) Jordan since the Paleolithic period. Over the course of 4,000 years, wave after wave of conquerors and empires—Egypt, Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome, Ottoman Turkey, and others—have all left their mark on this coveted patch of land east of the River Jordan and the Dead Sea.
Today’s Jordan abounds in natural beauty and archaeological treasures, from the ancient Nabataean city of Petra and Roman ruins of Jerash to the extraordinary waters of the Dead Sea, desert landscapes of Wadi Rum, historic monuments of Amman, legendary King’s Highway, and many more. In a land devoid of oil and precious few other natural resources, Jordan (officially, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) has emerged as one of the most progressive, hospitable, and vibrant societies in the entire Middle East. Exploring Jordan is to follow in the footsteps of Nabataean tradesmen, Roman legionnaires, Muslim armies, Christian crusaders, and untold numbers of travelers and pilgrims in search of antiquity and the origins of faith.
Most Popular Films
Films featuring Jordan from international, independent filmmakers
In Jordan, one Syrian refugee defies the odds with a shoe shine kit in hand and a song in his heart.Produced by Karen Boswall
Moving with the Times
See how the nomadic Bedouin people are adapting to modern life in Jordan - a country you can visit on our pre-trip.Produced by Owen Kilgour
Travelogue: Jerash, Jordan 1969
Witness the ruins of Jerash, Jordan, though the eyes of a traveler from the 1960s.Produced by David Conover & Paul Villanova
Jordan Interactive Map
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Immerse yourself in Jordan with this selection of articles, recipes, and more
Discover the extraordinary life of British military officer T. E. Lawrence.
Learn what's essential to life as a desert nomad.
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Small Ship Adventure
Days in Jordan
5 NIGHTS FROM $1,495
DAYS IN JORDAN
- Explore ancient Petra
- Spend time in Amman, Jordan's capital
- Journey to ancient Jerash
- Enjoy a Home-Hosted dinner in Amman
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Our Activity Level rating system ranks adventures on a scale of 1 to 5 to help you determine if a trip is right for you. See the descriptions below for more information about the physical requirements associated with each rating.
Activity Level 1:
Travelers should be able to climb 25 stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 1-2 miles over some uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last at least 1-2 hours at a time. Altitude can range from zero to 5,000 feet.
Activity Level 2:
Travelers should be able to climb 40 stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 2-3 miles over some uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last for at least 2-3 hours at a time. Altitude can range from zero to 5,000 feet.
Activity Level 3:
Travelers should be able to climb 60 stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 3 miles over some steep slopes and loose or uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last for 3 or more hours at a time. Altitude can range from 5,000 to 7,000 feet.
Activity Level 4:
Travelers should be able to climb 80 stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 4 miles over some steep slopes and loose or uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last for 4 or more hours at a time. Altitude can range from 7,000 to 9,000 feet.
Activity Level 5:
Travelers should be able to climb 100 or more stairs consecutively, plus walk at least 8 miles over some steep slopes and loose or uneven surfaces without difficulty. Walks typically last for 4 or more hours at a time. Altitude can range from 10,000 feet or more.
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Lawrence of Arabia
by John Bregoli, from Dispatches
Winston Churchill once said of T. E. Lawrence: “I deem him one of the greatest beings alive in our time ... We shall never see his like again. His name will live in history. It will live in the annals of war ... It will live in the legends of Arabia.”
That’s some pretty high praise for someone who considered himself just an “ordinary man.” But most would agree that Lawrence—who came to be known as Lawrence of Arabia—lived quite an extraordinary life.
Thomas Edward Lawrence was born in 1888 in Wales. He was interested in history at an early age, and loved exploring old churches and castles. After embarking on a thousand-mile walking tour of Syria to explore Crusader castles as a student at Oxford, Lawrence decided to become an archaeologist. So he returned to the Middle East in 1910 and remained there until 1914, working on archaeological surveys. It was during this time that Lawrence developed a passion for all things Arabic—often living with nomadic tribesmen, wearing traditional Arab clothing, and going for long walks in the desert.
He was back in England at the outbreak of World War I, however, and because of his knowledge and familiarity with Arabs, he was assigned to the intelligence section of the British Army in Cairo. In 1916 he joined the Arab forces under Faisal al Husayn and became a leader in their Great Arab Revolt against the Turks (who were allied with the Germans). The Arabs seemed no match for the Turks, who at the time had the fourth largest army in the world and were expertly trained and possessed modern weapons. But Lawrence developed brilliant guerrilla warfare tactics to tie down large Turkish armies with an Arab force of only a few thousand and he eventually defeated the Turks.
By the end of the war, Lawrence was a hero among the Arabs. But he had already gained their respect in many ways. Apparently, he could ride a camel faster and more easily than most of them (he could run alongside a moving beast and then swing into the saddle that was some nine feet off the ground). He was also brave beyond belief while fighting in the desert landscapes of Wadi Rum, where he had been captured and tortured—and wounded dozens of times. And he famously rode hundreds of miles across the desert sands with Arab fighters to take the port of Aqaba from the Turks in July of 1917 without firing a single shot.
But in the end Lawrence had made a promise to the Arabs that he couldn’t keep—independence once the war was over. With the Allied victory came bitter disappointment when Arab hopes for independence were betrayed, with Great Britain and France sharing the spoils. This was a blow to Lawrence, too, and he refused to accept war medals from the British king. He went on to write his war memoirs, The Seven Pillars of Wisdom—which was inspired by the stillness and beauty of the desert landscapes he witnessed and the Bedouin people whose lives he shared.
T. E. Lawrence later returned to the armed forces, hoping to serve in anonymity under assumed names. But embittered by his country’s policy towards Arabs, he retired to his cottage in Dorset, England in 1935. Two months later he was thrown from a motorcycle and died at the age of 46.
A Bedouin's Best Friends
by John Bregoli, from Dispatches
For the Bedouins of Jordan, the desert is home. Traditionally, these nomadic people have eschewed the modern trappings of the city in favor of the vast wilderness—and the modest amenities that come with it.
Camels. Up until recently camels were an indispensable part of Bedouin life. In fact, the desert dwellers’ name for the single-humped dromedary, Ata Allah—or “God’s gift”—says it all. Camels were not only a Bedouin’s primary source of transport, but also served his needs as a source of shade, milk, meat, wool, and hides. And contrary to their reputation as obstinate creatures prone to spitting, camels are known to be patient, intelligent, and surprisingly sensitive—mothers tend to cry when they leave their young.
An adult camel can reach seven feet tall (at the hump!) and tip the scales at more than 1,500 pounds. Their loping gait—suggesting the gentle rolling motion of a boat—gave rise to the nickname “ships of the desert.” During a day’s work—which might consist of a 25-mile trek across the desert—the pads of their feet spread out to prevent them from sinking into the deep sands. Although they can go five to seven days with little or no food or water, camels love palm dates and all manner of grains—and they’ve also been known to enjoy snacking on their owner’s tent! The harmonious relationship between a camel and its Bedouin master often lasts a lifetime.
Date Palms. Arab Bedouins often refer to the date palm as the "king of the oasis," and this tree of life does indeed reign supreme amidst the oceans of desert sand. Thought to be the oldest known cultivated tree, the date palm has provided life-sustaining food and shelter for Bedouin tribes for centuries. As a food, this low-fat, carbohydrate-rich fruit may be eaten raw, cooked, baked into cakes, or pressed into a delicious sweet syrup. And nothing is wasted—the date palm’s sturdy trunk can be made into timber, other parts are used to weave baskets or mats, make rope, or braided into fences. The pits of the dates are ground and fed to livestock. The date palm is even used to construct crates—to be filled with more dates! An ancient Persian hymn lists well over 350 valuable uses of the date palm.
“Houses of Hair.” Until recently, Bedouin communities were distinguished by a series of long, low black tents known as beit al-sha’ar—literally, “houses of hair.” Woven of goat’s hair gathered from the family’s livestock, these traditional shelters provided comfort and protection for generations of nomadic tribes. The tents were perfectly adapted for harsh desert life and could be packed and moved quickly on the backs of camels to the next oasis. Tents are divided in two sections: the mag’ad, or “sitting area,” which is kept open during the day and reserved for men and guests; and the maharama, or “place of the women,” which is kept closed. In the Middle East, the tent is synonymous with the heritage, culture and lifestyle of the Arab world. Sitting cross-legged in a Bedouin’s black “house of hair” tent, sipping mint tea or cardamom-infused coffee, is an honor and treasured memory for visitors.